Newark NYC skyline

Identifier FAA: EWR | IATA: EWR | ICAO: KEWR Airport Diagram
EWR Airport Diagram
Lat/Long 40-41-33.0000N / 074-10-07.2000W
40-41.550000N / 074-10.120000W
40.6925000 / -74.1686667
Elevation 18 ft. / 5.5 m (surveyed)
Variation 13W (1985)
From city 3 miles S of NEWARK, NJ
Time zone UTC -5 (UTC -4 during Daylight Savings Time)
Zip code 07114
Airport use Open to the public
Activation date 11/1939
Sectional chart New York
Control tower Yes
ARTCC New York Center
FSS New York Flight Service Station
NOTAMs facility EWR (NOTAM-D service available)
Attendance Continuous
Wind indicator Lighted
Segmented circle No
Lights Dusk-Dawn
Beacon White-green (lighted land airport)
Landing fee Yes
Fire and rescue ARFF index E
International operations Customs landing rights airport
See Newark Airport Radio Frequencies
Runway 4L/22R
Dimensions 11000 x 150 ft. / 3353 x 46 m
Surface asphalt/concrete/grooved, in good condition
Weight bearing capacity Double wheel: 191.0
Double tandem: 358.0
Dual double tandem: 873.0
Instrument approach Runway 4L: ILS/DME
Runway 22R: ILS/DME
Runway 4R/22L
Dimensions 10000 x 150 ft. / 3048 x 46 m
Surface asphalt/concrete/grooved, in good condition
Weight bearing capacity Double wheel: 191.0
Double tandem: 358.0
Dual double tandem: 873.0
Instrument approach Runway 4R: ILS/DME
Runway 22L: ILS/DME
Runway 11/29
Dimensions 6800 x 150 ft. / 2073 x 46 m
Surface asphalt/grooved, in good condition
Weight bearing capacity Double wheel: 191.0
Double tandem: 358.0
Dual double tandem: 873.0
Instrument approach Runway 11: ILS/DME
Runway 29: ILS/DME
Helipad H1
Dimensions 40 x 40 ft. / 12 x 12 m
Surface concrete, in good condition
Operational restrictions RY H1 LCTD ON TWY S
Traffic pattern left
Ownership and Management
Ownership Publicly-owned
NEW YORK, NY 10048
Phone 212-435-3703
NEWARK, NJ 07114
Phone 973-961-6000
Terminal A Air Canada, Air Canada Jazz, AirTrain, Alaska, American, American Connection, Continental Express, JetBlue, Midwest Connect, United, United Express, US Airways, US Airways Express, WestJet
Terminal B Air France, Air India, Alitalia, British Airways, Delta, Delta Connection, Direct Air, El Al, EVA, Jet Airways, LOT, Lufthansa, Malaysia, Northwest, Northwest Airlink, OpenSkies, Porter, SAS, Singapore, Swiss, TAP, Virgin Atlantic
Terminal C Continental, Continental Connection, US Helicopter
Common Aircraft Types
Air Canada A319, E175, E190
Air Canada Jazz CRJ200
Air France A330-200
Air India 747-400
AirTran 717-200
Alaska Airlines A330-200
Alitalia A320
American Airlines 757-200, MD-82
American Connection (Chautauqua) ERJ-135
British Airways 767-300ER, 777-200ER
Continental Airlines 737-300, 737-500, 737-800, 737-900, 737-900ER, 757-200, 757-300, 767-200ER, 767-400ER, 777-200ER
Continental Connection (Colgan and CommutAir) Dash 8 Q200, Dash 8 Q400
Continental Express (ExpressJet) CRJ-200ER, ERJ 135, ERJ 145, ERJ 145XR
Delta Air Lines/Northwest Airlines A330-300, MD-88, DC-9-50
Delta Connection (Comair) CRJ-700
Direct Air (operated by USA Jet) DC-9-30
El Al 777-200ER
EVA Air 77
Jet Airways A330-200
JetBlue Airways A320, E190
Lufthansa A340-300, A340-600, 747-400
Malaysia Airlines 777-200ER
Midwest Connect E170, CRJ200
OpenSkies 757-200
Porter Airlines Dash 8 Q400
PrivatAir 737-800
SAS Scandanavian Airline System A330-300
TAP Portugal A330-200
United A320
US Airways A319, A320, 737-400
US Helicopter Sikorsky S76
WestJet 737-700
Cargo Carriers
FedEx A300, 727, DC-10, MD-10, MD-11
Fedex A300, 727, DC-10, MD-10, MD-11

Newark Liberty International Airport, first named Newark Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan (New York City).

The airport is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which also manages the two other major airports in the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area, John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and LaGuardia Airport (LGA), in addition to three smaller airports, Stewart International Airport, Teterboro Airport and the Downtown Manhattan Heliport. Newark is the tenth busiest airport in the United States and the nation’s fifth busiest international air gateway; JFK ranks first.

Newark Liberty is the second-largest hub for Continental Airlines, which is the airport’s largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Primarily due to this large hub operation, Continental Airlines is by far the leading carrier in the New York market. Newark’s second largest tenant is FedEx Express, which operates its third largest cargo hub from the airport. FedEx operates from three buildings on two million square feet within the airport complex.

In 2008, Newark Airport handled slightly more than 35.4 million passengers, compared to JFK’s 47.8 million and LaGuardia’s 23.1 million. In total over 107 million passengers used New York airports in 2008, making New York the busiest airport system in the United States in terms of passenger numbers and second in the world behind London.

Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York area: it opened on October 1, 1928, occupying an area of New Jersey marshland filled with dredged soil.

In 1935, Amelia Earhart dedicated the Newark Airport Administration Building, which was North America’s first commercial airline terminal (Croydon Aerodrome, south of London, was the world’s first, predating Newark by seven years). Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York’s air traffic and allowing Chicago Midway International Airport to take the lead. Newark was temporarily closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport’s terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year. The art deco Administration Building served as the main terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

In the 1950s, there were suggestions to move the airport after two crashes within a month occurred at nearby Elizabeth, New Jersey. A new international airport to serve the New York City area would have been built in what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, however local protests defeated the plan.

In the 1970s, the airport underwent a significant enlargement, including the construction of the current Terminals A, B, and C, and was renamed Newark International Airport. Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was done on the terminal’s satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for certain People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was fully completed and opened to the public in June 1988.

Underutilized throughout the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly rose to become one of the largest American airlines, steadily increasing Newark’s traffic in the through most of the 1980s. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK’s status as New York’s international gateway (however, Virgin Atlantic now has more flights going out of JFK than out of Newark). Federal Express (Now known as FedEx Express) opened its second hub at the airport in 1986. When People Express was merged into Continental in 1987, operations at the North Terminal were greatly reduced, and the building was demolished to make way for cargo facilities in the early 1990s. Newark has remained a hub for Continental.

Today, Continental has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub, Continental is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area.

United Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from gate A17 at 8:01 am, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, on September 11, 2001. Two hours later it would crash into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, when passengers attempted to take over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House. In memory of this event, the airport’s name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport. Despite the name change few locals call it by its new name. The name most often used by locals is “Newark Airport” or simply “Newark”.

In 2001, Newark Liberty International Airport became the terminus of the world’s longest non-stop scheduled airline route, Continental’s service to Hong Kong. In 2004, Singapore Airlines broke Continental’s record by starting non-stop 18-hour flights to Singapore from Newark. Continental began flying from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and Delhi on November 1, 2005. When these services began, Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the third U.S. carrier, after United and Northwest to serve mainland China nonstop and the first U.S. carrier to offer nonstop flights to Beijing from New York. On July 16, 2007, Continental Airlines announced that it would seek government approval for nonstop flights between Newark and Shanghai in 2009. In September 2007, the United States Department of Transportation tentatively awarded Continental the right to fly to Shanghai from Newark beginning March 25, 2009 using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.

Since June 2008 flight caps restricting the number of flights to 81 per hour have been in use. The flight caps, which are only in effect until 2009, are intended to be a short-term solution to Newark Airport’s congestion problem.

  • On July 31, 1997, FedEx Flight 14, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashed during landing from Anchorage International Airport. The No. 3 engine contacted the runway during a rough landing which caused the aircraft to flip upside down, after which it was destroyed by fire. The two crewmembers and three passengers escaped uninjured.
  • On September 11, 2001 United Airlines Flight 93 to San Francisco International Airport was hijacked as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The passengers revolted forcing the hijackers to crash the aircraft into an empty field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
  • On October 28, 2006, Continental Airlines Flight 1883, a Boeing 757-200, mistakenly landed on Taxiway Z instead of Runway 29. There were no reported injuries or damage from the incident. Both pilots were dismissed from the airline.
  • February 12, 2009, Colgan Air Flight 3407 a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 operating under contract with Continental Connection crashed into a home in Clarence Center, New York. The flight was scheduled to arrive at Buffalo Niagara International Airport and was approximately six miles away from the airport when it crashed. All 49 passengers and crew members on board the aircraft perished in the incident.

This page contains excerpts of Wikipedia entry Newark Liberty International Airport, shared under the GNU Free Documentation License.