Aviation News

March 30, 2010

Southwest Carries Most Passengers During 2009 Industry Downturn

sw737-100

Southwest Airlines finished 2009 having boarded over 101 million passengers, finishing first among U.S. carriers for the third consecutive year. American Airlines finished a distant second with a total of 85 million passengers, but led the international category.

The annual report published Monday by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) revealed that 42.7 million fewer passengers took to American skies in 2009, representing a 5.3% decrease compared to the prior year and an 8.2% drop from 2007.

Atlanta-Hartsfield Airport (ATL) was the nation’s busiest in terms of total passengers served, followed by Chicago O’Hare (ORD) and Los Angeles International (LAX)

John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK) in New York retained its title as the country’s busiest international gateway, while Miami (MIA) jumped Los Angeles for the #2 spot from last year. LAX finished third.

Despite the decline in demand, the BTS report indicates that airlines did a good job of chopping capacity, managing to increase overall load factor by 0.5%. About 710,000 fewer flights took off in 2009, a drop of 6.6%.

United Airlines lost the most passengers of the top 10 airlines, suffering an 11.2% drop. (Northwest’s larger drop is due partially to its merger with Delta.) Thanks to expansion in new markets, JetBlue and SkyWest actually gained passengers over 2008, while Southwest suffered only a 0.6% loss.

For more details on the report, check out the sortable data below:

Table 1: Scheduled Domestic and International Airline Travel on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

2008 2009 Change %
Passengers (in millions) 812.3 769.6 -5.3
Flights (in thousands) 10,737.0 10,027.4 -6.6
Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 1,078.4 1,026.8 -4.8
Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 1,371.6 1,297.6 -5.4
Load Factor** 78.6 79.1 0.5
Flight Stage Length*** 811.8 811.8 0.0
Passenger Trip Length**** 1,327.6 1,334.2 0.5

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market and Segment
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled domestic and international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier domestic and international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
** Change in load factor points
***The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles
**** The average distance flown per passenger in miles
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 1A. Passengers on U.S. Carriers and on Foreign Carriers’ U.S. Flights 2008-2009

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

2008 2009 Change %
U.S. Carrier
Domestic 651.7 618.1 -5.2
International 91.6 85.8 -6.3
System 743.3 703.9 -5.3
Foreign Carrier
To and From U.S. 69.0 65.7 -4.8
Total 812.3 769.6 -5.3

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market


Table 2. Scheduled Domestic and International Enplanements by Month on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

2007 2008 2007-2008 Pct. Change 2009 2008-2009 Pct. Change
January 62.4 63.3 1.5 57.1 -9.7
February 58.6 62.0 5.8 54.3 -12.4
March 72.8 73.7 1.2 66.2 -10.1
April 70.4 68.8 -2.4 64.9 -5.7
May 72.5 71.9 -0.9 64.9 -9.7
June 75.9 74.2 -2.2 69.3 -6.6
July 79.2 77.1 -2.6 74.4 -3.4
August 78.0 74.5 -4.5 71.5 -4.1
September 64.9 59.6 -8.1 60.1 0.7
October 69.8 65.1 -6.7 64.4 -1.2
November 67.3 59.1 -12.1 59.9 1.2
December 66.6 63.0 -5.5 62.7 -0.4
Yr. Total 838.4 812.3 -3.1 769.6 -5.3

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled domestic and international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier domestic and international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 3. Top 10 Airlines, ranked by January-December 2009 Scheduled Domestic and International Enplanements*

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

2009 Rank Airline 2009 Enplaned Passengers 2008 Rank 2008 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2008-2009
1 Southwest 101.338 1 101.921 -0.6
2 American 85.720 2 92.772 -7.6
3 Delta 67.745 3 71.615 -5.4
4 United 56.025 4 63.071 -11.2
5 US Airways 50.975 5 54.776 -6.9
6 Continental 43.946 7 46.919 -6.3
7 Northwest 40.865 6 48.772 -16.2
8 AirTran 23.968 8 24.574 -2.5
9 JetBlue 22.378 9 21.824 2.5
10 SkyWest 21.246 10 20.668 2.8

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled domestic and international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier domestic and international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 4. Top 10 Airports ranked by January-December 2009 Scheduled Domestic and International Enplanements on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

2009 Rank Airport 2009 Enplaned Passengers 2008 Rank 2008 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2008-2009
1 Atlanta 42.144 1 43.606 -3.4
2 Chicago O’Hare 31.092 2 33.625 -7.5
3 Los Angeles 27.372 3 28.823 -5.0
4 Dallas/Ft. Worth 26.580 4 27.092 -1.9
5 Denver 23.986 5 24.250 -1.1
6 New York JFK 22.672 6 23.553 -3.7
7 Houston Bush 19.251 8 20.013 -3.8
8 Las Vegas 19.189 7 20.750 -7.5
9 Phoenix 18.532 9 19.426 -4.6
10 San Francisco 18.445 10 18.115 1.8

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled domestic and international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier domestic and international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 5. International Scheduled Airline Travel on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

2008 2008 % of Total 2009 2009 % of Total 2008-2009 Change %
Passengers (in millions) 160.5 100.0 151.5 100.0 -5.6
     U.S. Carriers 91.6 57.1 85.8 56.6 -6.3
     Foreign Carriers 68.9 42.9 65.7 43.4 -4.6
Flights (in thousands) 1,360.8 100.0 1,271.9 100.0 -6.5
     U.S. Carriers 850.3 62.5 799.4 62.9 -6.0
     Foreign Carriers 510.5 37.5 472.5 37.1 -7.4
Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 508.3 100.0 486.1 100.0 -4.4
     U.S. Carriers 244.1 48.0 230.4 47.4 -5.6
     Foreign Carriers 264.2 52.0 255.7 52.6 -3.2
Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 656.5 100.0 630.6 100.0 -4.0
     U.S. Carriers 309.0 47.1 292.5 46.4 -5.4
     Foreign Carriers 347.5 52.9 338.1 53.6 -2.7
Load Factor** 77.4 N/A 77.1 N/A -0.3
     U.S. Carriers 79.0 N/A 78.8 N/A -0.2
     Foreign Carriers 76.0 N/A 75.6 N/A -0.4
Flight Stage Length*** 2,113.1 N/A 2,138.3 N/A 1.2
Passenger Trip Length**** 3,166.0 N/A 3,208.7 N/A 1.3

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market and Segment
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier scheduled international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
** Change in load factor points
*** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles
**** The average distance flown per passenger in miles
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 6. International Scheduled Enplanements by Month on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

2007 2008 2007-2008 Pct. Change 2009 2008-2009 Pct. Change
January 12.3 13.0 5.5 12.3 -5.3
February 10.8 11.9 9.7 10.6 -10.5
March 13.5 14.4 6.8 12.7 -12.0
April 13.0 13.2 0.9 12.6 -4.1
May 13.2 13.8 4.6 12.0 -13.4
June 14.4 14.6 1.6 13.4 -8.5
July 15.7 15.7 -0.2 15.0 -4.5
August 15.4 15.6 1.2 14.9 -4.2
September 12.6 12.0 -4.8 11.8 -1.1
October 12.6 12.2 -3.6 12.1 -0.8
November 12.3 11.5 -6.3 11.3 -1.9
December 13.3 12.7 -4.8 12.8 0.7
Yr. Total 159.2 160.5 0.8 151.5 -5.6

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier scheduled international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 7. Top 10 Airlines, ranked by January-December 2009 International Scheduled Enplanements*

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

2009 Rank Airline 2009 Enplaned Passengers 2008 Rank 2008 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2008-2009
1 American 19,578.0 1 21,233.2 -7.8
2 Delta 12,117.8 3 12,339.1 -1.8
3 Continental 12,030.5 2 12,417.8 -3.1
4 United 10,454.1 4 11,409.4 -8.4
5 Northwest 8,333.1 5 10,322.9 -19.3
6 US Airways 6,460.0 6 6,271.7 3.0
7 British Airways 5,622.1 7 5,579.8 0.8
8 Lufthansa 4,787.1 9 5,002.4 -4.3
9 Air Canada 4,763.2 8 5,311.2 -10.3
10 Air France 3,559.2 10 3,636.9 -2.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States . For U.S. carrier scheduled international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.


Table 8. Top 10 Airports ranked by January-December 2009 International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. and Foreign Airlines*

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

2009 Rank Airport 2009 Enplaned Passengers 2008 Rank 2008 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2008-2009
1 New York JFK 10,686.0 1.0 10,964.6 -2.5
2 Miami 7,688.6 3.0 7,869.5 -2.3
3 Los Angeles 7,245.1 2.0 8,048.5 -10.0
4 Newark 5,288.5 4.0 5,462.0 -3.2
5 Chicago 5,046.2 5.0 5,456.3 -7.5
6 Atlanta 4,321.2 6.0 4,584.7 -5.7
7 San Francisco 3,939.8 7.0 4,155.4 -5.2
8 Houston Bush 3,804.0 8.0 3,850.5 -1.2
9 Washington Dulles 2,930.6 9.0 2,961.3 -1.0
10 Dallas/Ft. Worth 2,310.3 10.0 2,402.7 -3.8

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market
* Includes U.S. carrier scheduled international service and foreign carrier scheduled international service to and from the United States. For U.S. carrier scheduled international service data for 2009, see the BTS December air traffic press release
Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.





  • Jayo Z.

    In regards to Table 3: SkyWest (#10) does a lot of flying for Delta (#3). Do the counts include regionals or are they just mainline? I'd think it's only mainline, as it refers to the BTS statistics.

    • http://intensedebate.com/people/longacre longacre

      I believe they only count the passengers each airline has physically flown, not taking into account regional agreements or codeshares…i.e. Delta Connection flights operated by SkyWest would only count for SkyWest.

  • Jayo Z.

    In regards to Table 3: SkyWest (#10) does a lot of flying for Delta (#3). Do the counts include regionals or are they just mainline? I'd think it's only mainline, as it refers to the BTS statistics.

    • http://intensedebate.com/people/longacre longacre

      I believe they only count the passengers each airline has physically flown, not taking into account regional agreements or codeshares…i.e. Delta Connection flights operated by SkyWest would only count for SkyWest.